Carpal Tunnel most often occurs in very repetitive jobs such as typing. The carpal tunnel is located in the wrist and is literally a tunnel that tendons and the median nerve (the nerve that innervates a good portion of the hand) pass through in order to reach the hand. The walls of the tunnel are composed of the bones of the wrist. The roof is made up of a protective sheath called the flexor retinaculum that stretches across the wrist.
Repetitive motions, such as typing, cause the tendons passing through the carpal tunnel to slide against each other repetitively. This eventually causes irritation which leads to inflammation. Inflammation causes swelling and this causes pressure occur in the carpal tunnel. Any pressure in the carpal tunnel will affect the median nerve’s function. Stretches and frequent breaks are highly recommended for prevention of carpal tunnel. Also, your workstation design is very important.
What most people don’t know is that many carpal tunnel cases actually start at the cervical spine or elbow in what is called a “double crush syndrome.” When a nerve has pressure at any point, it will swell (because fluid flows around the periphery of nerves and can get pinched off). This makes it very susceptible to problems farther down the nerve. Chiropractic addresses all of the areas where the nerves can get entrapped. Maintaining proper spinal alignment in the neck and ensuring the bones of the elbow and the wrist are moving properly can prevent or eliminate any symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.